Each of the Constitutions of the Commonwealth of Australia and the Constitution of the Republic of Singapore create a Supreme Court in which the judicial power of the country is vested. In Australia, that important constitutional feature has been interpreted as providing protection from executive and legislative interference in the exercise of judicial power. In recent years this protection has been held to extend to the “defining characteristics” of courts, which include the reality and appearance of their independence and their ability to exercise powers of review of executive decisions. The special power in s 75(v) of the Constitution, to review decisions and actions of officers of the Commonwealth, has also been the subject of recent decisions. These development have been important in defining the role of the judiciary in Australia.
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